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Federal Laws

Click on one of the statutes below for an outline of the key provisions. Full text of the major statutes are provided as well.

Environmental Quality Improvement Act

42 U.S.C. §§4371-4375

The EQIA amended the National Environmental Policy Act by creating a new office to support the Council on Environmental Quality.

Equal Access to Justice Act

5 U.S.C. §504; 28 U.S.C. §2412

The EAJA provides for the award of legal fees to parties that win litigation against the United States.

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

ELR STAT. FIFRA §§2-35
7 U.S.C. §§136-136y

FIFRA provides federal control of pesticide distribution, sale, and use by requiring that all pesticides used in the United States be registered (licensed) by EPA. Registration assures that pesticides will be properly labeled and that, if used in accordance with specifications, they will not cause unreasonable harm to the environment.

Federal Land Policy and Management Act

ELR STAT. FLPMA §§102-603
43 U.S.C. §§1701-1736, 1737-1782

The FLPMA governs the way in which the public lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management are managed.

Federal Water Pollution Control Act (the “Clean Water Act”)

ELR STAT. FWPCA §§101-607
33 U.S.C. §§1251-1387

The CWA regulates discharges of pollutants into U.S. waters and establishes quality standards for surface waters.

Food Security Act of 1985, §1221 (“Swampbuster”)

16 U.S.C. §3821

This section of the FSA places restrictions on agricultural lands located on converted wetlands.

Forest Service Organic Legislation, §1

16 U.S.C. §§473-78, 479-82, 551

The FSOL establishes basic regulations for the national forests of the U.S.

Freedom of Information Act

5 U.S.C. §552

The FOIA allows for the disclosure of previously unreleased information controlled by the U.S. government.

General Exchange Act of 1922

16 U.S.C. §§485-486

The GEA permitted the Secretary of the Interior to  acquire lands outside of the boundaries of current national parks that were deemed to be of national-forest purposes interest.

Geothermal Steam Act of 1970

30 U.S.C. §§1001-1027

The GSA allows the leasing of land containing geothermal resources.