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Federal Laws

Click on one of the statutes below for an outline of the key provisions. Full text of the major statutes are provided as well.

Mining and Minerals Policy Act of 1970

30 U.S.C. §21a

The MMPA establishes modern federal policy regarding mineral resources in the United States.

Mining Law of 1872 (the “Hardrock” Minerals Act)

30 U.S.C. §§22-54

This law authorizes and governs prospecting and mining for economic minerals on federal public lands.

Multiple Mineral Development Act

30 U.S.C. §§521-531

The MMDA establishments management procedures for lands subject to both the Mining Law of 1872 and the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920.

Multiple-Use Sustained-Yield Act

16 U.S.C. §§528-531

The MUSYA authorizes and directs the Secretary of Agriculture to develop and administer the renewable resources of timber, range, water, recreation and wildlife on the national forests for multiple use and sustained yield of the products and services.

National Environmental Policy Act

ELR STAT. NEPA §§2-209
42 U.S.C. §§4321-4370h

NEPA establishes a broad national framework for protecting the environment of the United States.

National Forest Management Act and Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act

ELR STAT. NFMA §§2-16
16 U.S.C. §§472a, 1600-1606, 1607-1614

The NFMA governs the administration of national forests.

National Park System Mining Regulation Act

16 U.S.C. §§1901-1912

The NPSMRA regulates mining on lands within the National Park System.

National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act

16 U.S.C. §§668dd-668ee, 715s

The NWRSAA provides for the administration and management of the National Wildlife Refuge system.

Nuclear Waste Policy Act

42 U.S.C. §§10101-10270

The NWPA established regulations for the use of deep geologic repositories for the safe storage and/or disposal of radioactive waste.

Oil Pollution Act

ELR STAT. OPA §§1001-7001
33 U.S.C. §§2701-2761

The OPA expanded the federal government's ability to, and provided the money and resources necessary, to respond to oil spills in the nation.