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OPA

Preemption of Environmental Law: Is the U.S. Supreme Court Heading the Wrong Direction?

On January 1, 1970, President Nixon signed the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) into law.1 The enactment of NEPA was the result of a confluence of numerous factors, and two among these were the ...

International Ass'n of Indep. Tanker Owners v. Locke

A judge dissents from the Ninth Circuit's decision not to rehear a case addressing the Oil Pollution Act's (OPA's) preemptive effect on Washington State's oil spill prevention regulations. The initial Ninth Circuit opinion held that the...

International Ass'n of Indep. Tanker Owners v. Locke

The court holds that 15 of Washington State's 16 best achievable protection (BAP) oil spill prevention regulations are not preempted by federal law. The court first holds that the BAP regulations are not preempted by the Oil Pollution...

International Ass'n of Indep. Tanker Owners v. Lowry

The court holds that Washington oil spill prevention laws are not preempted by federal statute, do not violate the Commerce Clause or Foreign Affairs Clause of the U.S. Constitution, and are not improper extraterritorial restrictions....

Federal Oil Pollution Law and Regulatory Developments

Editors' Summary: Whether Congress intended it or not, the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA) has shaken the entire oil exploration and production industry to its core. Precipitated by the Exxon Valdez oil spill, the Act...