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Climate Change

Global Warming: Significant Shortcomings of Computer Climate Models

The 1997 Kyoto Protocol provides for a 5% reduction in 1990 levels of greenhouse gases by 2008-2012 in order to stem global warming. The developed nations have agreed to specific greenhouse gas reduction levels; the U.S. quota reduction...

Global Warming

Efficient combustion largely prevents the formation of many criteria pollutants. Carbon monoxide (CO) emissions usually are created by combustion in an oxygen deficient environment.1 Hydrocarbon emissions often...

Moving the Climate Change Debate From Models to Proposed Legislation: Lessons From State Experience

The United States is a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Framework Convention),1 which requires parties to implement programs and measures to reduce net greenhouse gas...

A Framework for Achieving Environmental Integrity and the Economic Benefits of Emissions Trading Under the Kyoto Protocol

Introduction

In a previous Article in ELR,1 the authors examined issues related to international greenhouse gas emissions trading under the as-yet unratified Kyoto Protocol to the United...

International Emissions Trading Rules as a Compliance Tool: What is Necessary, Effective and Workable?

Governments are currently negotiating rules to govern international greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading under the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).1...

Can the Kyoto Protocol Support Biodiversity Conservation? Legal and Financial Challenges

Editors' Summary: The controversial Kyoto Protocol, negotiated in December 1997, is the first major step toward implementation of the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Protocol sets targets for the reduction of greenhouse...

Introduction: Climate Change and Consumption

Will the response to climate change require environmental lawyers and policymakers to finally confront limits on material consumption by individuals and households? The Articles in this issue are the product of an April 2008 Climate...

Consumption, Happiness, and Climate Change

A large body of literature has developed over the past several years on the economics of happiness. One of the key insights of this literature is that beyond a subsistence level of income, relative income is often more important than...

Toward a Climate-Literate Society

In 1958, as part of the science education efforts for the International Geophysical Year, a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) publication, Planet Earth: Mystery With 100, Clues, explained that the natural greenhouse effect was being...

Using Economics to Fuel Responsible Energy Consumption Decisions

Examining individual consumption behavior is pertinent to both the current sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as policies designed to limit these emissions. A wide variety of private household decisions generate...