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Practicable Alternatives for Wetlands Development Under the Clean Water Act

Section 404(b) of the Clean Water Act authorizes a “practicable alternatives” requirement for dredge and fill permits. EPA has adopted guidelines that set out and interpret that requirement, but the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has...

Fisheries Survival Fund v. Jewell

A district court denied commercial fishing groups' request to preliminarily enjoin development of a wind energy facility off the coast of New York. The groups argued that the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) violated NEPA when...

Gulf Fishermens Ass'n v. National Marine Fisheries Service

A district court ruled in favor of fishermen's challenge to NMFS regulations regarding offshore aquaculture in federal waters of the Gulf of Mexico. The fishermen argued that the regulations were facially invalid because they fall...

Kentucky Waterways Alliance v. Kentucky Utilities Company

The Sixth Circuit held that seepage from a coal-fired power plant that reached a nearby lake violated RCRA, but not the CWA. Environmental groups argued that the chemicals being stored in coal ash ponds contaminated the surrounding...

Tennessee Clean Water Network v. Tennessee Valley Authority

The Sixth Circuit held that seepage from a coal-fired power plant adjacent to the Cumberland River did not violate the CWA. Environmental groups argued that the plant violated the CWA by leaking pollutants without a permit from its...

North Dakota v. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

A North Dakota district court enjoined in Iowa the 2015 Clean Water Rule, which clarifies the definition of "waters of the United States" that are protected under the CWA. The governor of Iowa sought an order from the court expressly...

Texas v. United States Environmental Protection Agency

A district court granted Texas' motion to preliminarily enjoin the 2015 Clean Water Rule in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas. The state argued that implementing the rule would require it to spend significant time and taxpayer resources...

Sierra Club v. Virginia Electric & Power Company

The Fourth Circuit held that seepage from a coal-fired power plant did not violate §301 of the CWA, which prohibits the unauthorized discharge of any pollutant into navigable waters. An environmental group argued that the plant's...

EQT Production Company v. Department of Environmental Protection

A Pennsylvania court affirmed the Pennsylvania Environmental Hearing Board's civil penalty assessment against a natural gas exploration company for violating the state Clean Streams Law. The company argued there was insufficient...

Delaware Riverkeeper Network v. Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection

The Third Circuit denied review of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's decision to grant a CWA §401 certification for a natural gas pipeline project. Environmental groups argued that the department acted...