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Habitat Conservation Plans

Lessons From Areawide, Multiagency Habitat Conservation Plans in California

Through the Endangered Species Act’s Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) program and California’s Natural Community Conservation Planning program, endangered species conservation in the United States has evolved considerably. In particular...

Emerging Regulatory Experiments in Permit Process Coordination for Endangered Species and Aquatic Resources in California

Many practitioners and scholars view enhanced permit coordination as beneficial due to purported efficiency gains and potentially better conservation outcomes, but scholarship on interagency coordination is still limited. The authors...

Habitat Conservation Plans and Climate Change: Recommendations for Policy

Habitat conservation plans (HCPs) are critical tools for managing species and their habitats. Climate change poses special challenges for successful habitat conservation planning, but there are several steps to take to address these...

Bear Valley Mutual Water Co. v. Jewell

The Ninth Circuit upheld a 2010 FWS rule designating critical habitat for the threatened Santa Ana sucker, a small freshwater fish native to several California rivers and streams. In 2004, FWS approved a habitat conservation plan that...

Spirit of the Sage Council v. Norton

The court holds that the no surprises rule, which provides regulatory assurances to holders of incidental take permits (ITPs) issued under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) that they will not be required to commit funds or resources...

Plum Creek Timber Co. v. Trout Unlimited

The court rejects a timber company's Declaratory Judgment Act claim against two private environmental groups, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). The environmental groups filed a...

Biodiversity Conservation in the United States: A Case Study in Incompleteness and Indirection

What is the United States' obligation to conserve biodiversity? What is the relationship between biodiversity conservation and sustainable development? At both international and national levels, biodiversity conservation has recently...

NWF v. Babbitt: Victory for Smart Growth and Imperiled Wildlife

On August 15, 2000, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California issued a landmark ruling, in the case National Wildlife Federation v. Babbitt (NWF v. Babbitt),1 interpreting key...

Cross-Examining Market Approaches to Protecting Endangered Species

If a value system is simply presupposed and obeyed as the given structure of the world that all are made to accept and serve, it can become systematically destructive without our knowing there is a moral choice involved.1...

Loggerhead Turtle v. County Council of Volusia County, Fla.

The court grants summary judgment to the U.S. Department of the Interior in a citizen suit action brought against it under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and the Administrative Procedure Act challenging the U.S. Fish and Wildlife...