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Exemption

United States v. Friday

The Tenth Circuit reversed and remanded a lower court decision dismissing a Native American tribe member's indictment for shooting an eagle without a permit in violation of the Bald and Golden Eagle Act. The lower court ruled that the...

United States v. Hardman

The court holds that the federal government failed to show how limiting permits for eagle feathers only to members of federally recognized tribes is the least restrictive means of advancing the government's interests in preserving eagle...

Saenz v. Department of the Interior

The court holds that the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act's (BGEPA's) restrictions allowing members of federally recognized Native American tribes, but not non-members, to take eagle parts for religious purposes violates the...

Gibson v. Babbitt

The court holds that the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGEPA), which only allows members of federally recognized Native American tribes to use protected eagle parts for religious purposes, does not violate the Religious Freedom...