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Recovery plans, §4(f)

Save the Bull Trout v. Williams

A district court granted summary judgment for FWS in a challenge to the adequacy of its recovery plan for the threatened bull trout. Environmental groups argued the plan failed to include objective and measurable criteria as required...

Center for Biological Diversity v. Bernhardt

A district court denied FWS' motion to dismiss a lawsuit seeking a new recovery plan for the endangered Houston toad. An environmental group argued that FWS had "never developed a scientifically grounded and legally valid recovery plan...

Friends of the Wild Swan v. Ashe

A district court held that FWS' delay in developing and implementing a recovery plan for the Canada lynx, which was listed as threatened in 2000, is unreasonable. The ESA directs FWS to prepare a recovery plan for listed species but...

Friends of Blackwater v. Salazar

The D.C. Circuit held that FWS did not violate the ESA by removing the West Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel from the list of endangered species even though several criteria in the agency's recovery plan for the species had not been...