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Polar bear

Alaska Oil & Gas Ass'n v. Jewell

The Ninth Circuit reversed a lower court decision vacating FWS' designation of critical habitat in Alaska for the polar bear, a threatened species, and reinstated the...

Polar Bear Endangered Species Act Listing

The D.C. Circuit upheld FWS's determination that sport-hunted polar bear "trophies" may no longer be imported into the United States under the Marine Mammals Protection Act (MMPA) as of the effective date of the ESA listing rule for the...

Alaska Oil & Gas Ass'n v. Salazar

A district court vacated FWS' final rule designating approximately 187,157 square miles in Alaska and adjacent territorial and U.S. waters as critical habitat for the polar bear, ruling that the designation "went too far and was too...

Center for Biological Diversity v. Salazar

The Ninth Circuit upheld FWS regulations issued under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) that authorize the incidental take of polar bears and Pacific walruses resulting from oil and gas exploration activities in the Chukchi Sea...

Polar Bear Endangered Species Act Listing

A district court held that the FWS violated NEPA, but not the ESA, when it issued a special rule that specifies the protective mechanisms that apply to the polar bear as a result of its threatened status. In May 2008, the FWS listed...

Polar Bear Endangered Species Act Listing

A district court, in a 116-page opinion, upheld the FWS' final rule listing the polar bear as a threatened species under the ESA....

Polar Bear Endangered Species Act Listing

A district court remanded the FWS' final rule listing the polar bear as a “threatened” species under the ESA. Shortly after FWS issued the rule, several groups filed suit, some arguing that the polar bear should have been listed...

Center for Biological Diversity v. Kempthorne

A district court ordered the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) to publish a final listing determination for the polar bear by May 15, 2008. The parties agreed that the DOI failed to meet its nondiscretionary duty under the...