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Marine mammals

California Sea Urchin Comm'n v. Bean

The Ninth Circuit upheld FWS' decision to end its 1987 sea otter translocation program. FWS created an experimental reserve population of southern sea otters some distance from the main population, but in 2012, FWS deemed the program a...

Alaska Oil & Gas Ass'n v. Pritzker

The Ninth Circuit upheld NMFS' decision to list a distinct population segment (DPS) of the Pacific bearded seal under the ESA based on future impacts of climate change. Using climate projections, NMFS determined that even though the...

California Sea Urchin Commission v. Bean

The Ninth Circuit reversed and remanded a lower court's dismissal of a lawsuit filed by commercial fishermen challenging FWS' decision to terminate the southern sea otter translocation program off the coast of California. Due to the...

Conservation Council for Hawaii v. National Marine Fisheries Service

A district court held that the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) violated the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), the ESA, and NEPA when it authorized the U.S. Navy to take large numbers of marine mammals, some of which are...

Humane Society of the United States v. Locke

The Ninth Circuit held that the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) violated the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), but not NEPA, when it authorized Idaho, Oregon, and Washington to kill up to 85 California sea lions annually at...