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Fourth Amendment

United States v. Rapanos

The court holds that under the open fields doctrine, state natural resource officials may enter a landowner's property to conduct a warrantless inspection of wetlands on the property without violating the landowner's Fourth Amendment...

Reeves Bros. v. EPA

The court denies a private-property owner injunctive relief on its claim that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and EPA employees violated the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution when an EPA emergency response team...

United States v. V-1 Oil Co.

The court holds that warrantless, unannounced inspections by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) under the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA) do not violate a liquefied gas propane retailer's Fourth Amendment rights....

United States v. Scott

The court holds that the Fourth Amendment does not protect the warrantless seizure and reconstruction of an individual's shredded documents found in abandoned trash bags left for curbside collection. The individual was charged with...