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Exemption No. 4

Animal Legal Defense Fund v. Food & Drug Administration

The Ninth Circuit held that FDA properly withheld certain information concerning egg-production farms in Texas that was requested by an animal rights group under FOIA. FOIA Exemption 4 applies to “trade secrets and commercial or...

Citizens for a Healthy Community v. United States Department of the Interior

A district court held that BLM must disclose the names of companies who have submitted an "expression of interest" (EOI) in obtaining an oil and gas lease on certain public lands in Colorado. The EOI is the first step in the competitive...

Critical Mass Energy Project v. NRC

The court rules that Exemption 4 of the Freedom of Information Act shields from public disclosure comprehensive reports, prepared and provided to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission by a nonprofit consortium of the nuclear utility...