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Equal footing doctrine

Reep v. State

The North Dakota Supreme Court held that the state owns the mineral interests under the shore zone of the Missouri River, which cuts through the oil-rich Bakken Shale region. Under the equal footing doctrine, the state's title to the...

PPL Montana, LLC v. Montana

The U.S. Supreme Court reversed a state court decision that Montana may charge rent from an electric company that owns dams on the Missouri, Madison, and Clark Fork rivers. The Montana Supreme Court held that title to the riverbeds...

Minnesota v. Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians

The Court holds that several bands of Chippewa Native Americans retain the right to hunt, fish, and gather on lands in Wisconsin and Minnesota that were ceded to the United States in an 1837 treaty. Minnesota claimed that an 1850...

United States v. Washington

The court holds that except as expressly limited by the Stevens Treaties' shellfish proviso, the treaties grant several Native American tribes the right to take shellfish found anywhere within the tribes' usual and accustomed fishing...

United States v. Nye County

The court holds that the United States owns and has the power and authority to manage and administer the unappropriated public lands and National Forest System lands within Nye County, Nevada. The court first holds that the case...