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Determination of endangered and threatened species, §4

Greater Yellowstone Coalition v. Servheen

The Ninth Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part a lower court decision vacating the FWS' decision to remove the Yellowstone distinct population segment of grizzly bears from the ESA's threatened species list. Given the lack of...

Alaska v. Lubchenco

A district court upheld the National Marine Fisheries Service's (NMFS') decision to list the Cook Inlet beluga whale as endangered under the ESA. The state of Alaska, an oil company, and several nonprofit corporations challenged the...

Polar Bear Endangered Species Act Listing

A district court held that the FWS violated NEPA, but not the ESA, when it issued a special rule that specifies the protective mechanisms that apply to the polar bear as a result of its threatened status. In May 2008, the FWS listed the...

Otay Mesa Property, L.P. v. United States Department of the Interior

The D.C. Circuit held that a single sighting of a protected species is insufficient to render a property "occupied" for purposes of designating critical habitat under the ESA. In 2007, the FWS designated 143 acres of plaintiffs'...

Polar Bear Endangered Species Act Listing

A district court, in a 116-page opinion, upheld the FWS' final rule listing the polar bear as a threatened species under the ESA....

Friends of Blackwater v. Salazar

A district court vacated the FWS' removal of the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel from the list of endangered species. Instead of applying the criteria set forth in the squirrel's recovery plan when it issued the delisting rule, the...

Polar Bear Endangered Species Act Listing

A district court remanded the FWS' final rule listing the polar bear as a “threatened” species under the ESA. Shortly after FWS issued the rule, several groups filed suit, some arguing that the polar bear should have been listed...

American Wildlands v. Norton

The court holds that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife's (FWS') decision that the westlope cutthroat trout (WCT) did not warrant listing as an endangered or threatened species was arbitrary and capricious. The FWS concluded that listing the...

Biodiversity Legal Found. v. Badgley

The court reverses a district court decision and holds that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) does not have discretion under Endangered Species Act (ESA) §4 to make an initial determination to list a petitioned species beyond the...

Defenders of Wildlife v. Norton

The court holds that the U.S. Department of the Interior's (DOI's) decision to withdraw a proposed rule recommending the flat-tailed horned lizard for protection under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) was arbitrary and capricious. The...