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Civil penalty provision, §309(d)

Oil Spill by the Oil Rig "Deepwater Horizon"

A district court held a petroleum company liable for $159.5 million in civil penalties under the CWA in connection with the 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster. The court applied each of the CWA’s eight civil penalty factors in...

Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition v. Maple Coal Co.

A district court held that environmental groups are entitled to injunctive relief and civil penalties in their CWA citizen suit against a coal company for violating the water quality standards for selenium set forth in its permit....

Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Gaston Copper Recycling Corp.

The Fourth Circuit reversed and remanded a district court's imposition of penalties against the former owner of a metals smelting facility for CWA violations. The environmental groups that filed suit against the company had...