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Wildlife

Minimum Size Restrictions Are a Problem for Fisheries, Is Litigation the Solution?

Fisheries are tightly regulated under the broad Magnuson-Stevens Act, yet fish stocks widely remain either stagnant or in decline. Current management tools are failing to ensure that fish populations maintain the reproductive capacity...

Current Developments in U.S. Fisheries Policy

The Trump Administration’s approach to fisheries management appears to constitute a significant policymaking shift. Recent NOAA decisions, such as extending the Gulf of Mexico red snapper season or overturning an Atlantic States Marine...

Small Critter, Big Problem: Protecting the Pearl River Map Turtle in Mississippi

Mississippi has 47 animal species federally protected under the Endangered Species Act. That list includes all types of animals, from whales to mollusks, but it does not include the Pearl River map turtle (Graptemys pearlensis...

Slow Threats and Environmental Policy

Some threats to the environment, like acid rain and stratospheric ozone depletion, emerged fairly rapidly, and abrupt threats like an oil or toxic chemical spill demand an immediate response. But most environmental problems have the...

Floodplain Buyouts: How Local Governments Can Maximize Community Benefits, Habitat Connectivity, and Resilience

Since 1993, FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program has funded the acquisition of over 37,000 flood-damaged properties. On these purchased properties, existing structures must be removed and the land dedicated to open space, recreational...

Assessing State Laws and Resources for Endangered Species Protection

This Comment provides a comprehensive analysis of state endangered species laws and state funding to implement the federal ESA. It suggests that increased coordination between the states and federal agencies regarding the protection and...

Hybridizing Law: A Policy for Hybridization Under the Endangered Species Act

For centuries, hybridization was a poorly understood process thought to be a threat to endangered species. With the advent of genomic technologies, those views are starting to change; hybridization is now recognized as vital for the...

Science and Sleuthing: Improving CITES Enforcement Through Innovations in Wildlife Forensic Technology

In 1975, 80 countries entered into the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Today, CITES covers 35,000 species. Though CITES is widely used, protected species continue to slide to...

Judicial Review Endangered: Decisions Not to Exclude Areas From Critical Habitat Should Be Reviewable Under the APA

Under the ESA, areas that otherwise qualify as critical habitat “may” be excluded from a designation if the government determines that the benefits of exclusion would outweigh the benefits of inclusion, and if the exclusion would not...

Projecting the Future: Ninth Circuit Upholds ESA Listing for Bearded Seals

In Alaska Oil & Gas Ass’n v. Pritzker the Ninth Circuit upheld a rule listing two species of seals as “threatened” under the ESA based on climate change projections and associated habitat loss from reduction of sea ice. The...