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Wildlife (generally)

Delisting Wolves in the Northern Rocky Mountains: Congress Cries Wolf

A battle is waging in the Northern Rocky Mountains, with environmental groups supporting the return of the wolf to the region to restore ecological balance, and the livestock industry fighting the species’...

The Oil Spill's Impact on Gulf Coast Oysters

Oysters are an integral part of the Gulf of Mexico. They clump together to act as coral reefs that protect, shelter, and form vital nursery grounds for other aquatic species. They act as natural water purifiers, filtering anywhere from...

Section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930: A Private Right-of-Action to Enforce Ocean Wildlife Conservation Laws?

Editors' Summary

The Tariff Act of 1930, one of the oldest U.S. international trade statutes, has untapped potential to extend the reach of U.S. environmental conservation laws. Section 337 of the Act creates a private right-of-...

The Brief and Unexpected Preemption of Hawaii's Humpback Whale Laws: The Authority of the States to Protect Endangered Marine Mammals Under the ESA and the MMPA

Editors' Summary: Humpback whales are endangered marine mammals, protected by the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) and the ESA. Hawai'i's seasonal thrill craft ban in humpback habitat provides additional protection. In 2004, a...

The International Plant Protection Convention and Invasive Species

Editors' Summary: Phytosanitary systems have been used for many years, but it is only recently that they have received careful and detailed international scrutiny to ensure that they are fair, effective, and well documented, with...

The Paradox of U.S. Alien Species Law

Non-indigenous species (NIS) have increasingly come to be recognized in scientific and popular arenas as one of the most significant threats to biodiversity. That recognition has yet to extend to law and policy, which, in the United...

The History and Evolution of the National Marine Sanctuaries Act

Executive Summary

Coastal and ocean degradation caused by pollution, industrial and commercial development, and ocean dumping became major environmental issues in the 1960s and early 1970s. Public awareness of ocean problems was...

Wildlife Law: A Coming of Age

For years, individual law professors have offered courses in wildlife law. Many of the courses have centered on the Endangered Species Act (ESA) or on the preservation of biological diversity. Others have considered the subject more...

The BPA Power-Salmon Crisis: A Way Out

The electricity crisis of 2001 produced more than rolling blackouts in California, skyrocketing prices throughout the West, and calls from the Bush Administration to open up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas development...

The Annihilation of Sea Turtles: World Trade Organization Intransigence and U.S. Equivocation

In the case of United States-Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products (US-Shrimp),1 the Appellate Body of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's (GATT's) World Trade...