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Sustainability

Resilience: The Food Policy Imperative for a Volatile Future

To sustain a growing population on a changing planet, food policies at all levels—community, regional, national, and global—must promote judicious resource use, prioritize stewardship, align with ecosystems, advance social and...

Core Issues in International Sustainable Development: Analysis of Shifting Priorities at U.N. Environmental Conferences

There is now a 40-year history of declaratory outcomes from international environmental conferences that offers insight into the progression of sustainable development. This Article uses those outcomes to track the relative roles of the...

The Path Not Yet Taken: Bilateral Trade Agreements to Promote Sustainable Biofuels Under the EU Renewable Energy Directive

In order for biofuels to count as renewable energy for transport under the European Union Renewable Energy Directive, most applicants have relied on certification by the European Commission. But bilateral agreements can also be used to...

Rethinking Sustainability to Meet the Climate Change Challenge

A group of environmental law professors formed the Environmental Law Collaborative with the goal of engaging environmental law scholars in the thorny issues of the day. The members of the Collaborative gathered in the summer of 2012 to...

Sustainable Cities: Harnessing Urbanization to Achieve Social and Environmental Goals

Cities have great advantages. They provide good jobs and are the most efficient form for delivery of services such as waste disposal, power, education, fire protection, and transportation, when compared with rural areas. City dwellers...

The Local Identity of Smart Growth: How Species Preservation Efforts Promote Culturally Relevant Comprehensive Planning

The concept of sustainable development encourages practitioners to view national, regional, and localized growth in terms of environmental, economic, and sociocultural impact. Traditional planning strategies primarily address the...

Litigating Climate Change Adaptation: Theory, Practice, and Corrective (Climate) Justice

The Supreme Court’s decision in American Electric Power v. Connecticut appeared to affirm what many legal scholars have argued: that tort law is not a suitable or effective means to address climate change. While it did close a...

The Kyoto Protocol’s Emissions Trading Scheme: Realistic or Unjust Solution for Potential Developing Nation Signatories?.

Divergent legal obligations among major greenhouse gas emitters are a roadblock to establishing an effective climate change mitigation treaty. The United States, and now Canada, Japan, and Russia, have rejected time-bound, legally...

Unpave a Parking Lot and Put Up a Paradise: Using Green Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services to Achieve Cost-Effective Compliance

Philadelphia has agreed to implement a long-term plan to employ ecosystem services provided by green stormwater control infrastructure to reduce combined sewer overflows and achieve compliance with the CWA. The $2.5 billion Green City,...

Beyond Deterrence: Compliance and Enforcement in the Context of Sustainable Development

Regulation is the most direct and predictable mechanism for controlling environmental behavior. Strong compliance and enforcement programs that punish violators and deter violations by others are, of course, essential to any successful...