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North America

The Citizen Petition Process Under NAFTA's Environmental Side Agreement: It's Easy to Use, But Does It Work?

The relationship between trade and the environment was perhaps the hottest issue in the debate over the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1993.1 The North American Agreement on Environmental...

Mexico's Legal System of Environmental Protection

Editors' Summary: Nongovernmental organizations and other critics of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) have raised serious environmental concerns about Mexico's participation in NAFTA. The U.S. EPA has attempted to...

The Environmental Side Agreement to the North American Free Trade Agreement: Background and Analysis

Editors' Summary: NAFTA is one of the most comprehensive free trade agreements in history. Its negotiation coincided with a growing controversy about the relationship between trade and environmental policies. As a result, NAFTA...

One Step Away From Environmental Citizen Suits in Mexico

Mexico's enactment in March 1988 of the General Law of Ecological Equilibrium and Environmental Protection under then-President Miguel de la Madrid marked the beginning of an ambitious environmental program that is being carried forth...

NAFTA: An Analysis of Its Environmental Provisions

In negotiating a comprehensive trade accord, the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States have taken an important step to link and boost their economies. Although many believe the new pact — the North American Free Trade...