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Natural Resources

Collaborative Decisionmaking in the Arctic Under the Marine Mammal Protection Act and a Proposal for Enhanced Support From the Federal Government

The Alaska Native communities of the American Arctic rely upon their ancient subsistence practices for their food security, the continuation of their cultural traditions, and their physical and spiritual well-being. Industry interest in...

Understanding the Government-to-Government Consultation Framework for Agency Activities That Affect Marine Natural Resources in the U.S. Arctic

Alaska Natives work with the federal government in managing resources in the Arctic. Federal consultation with tribes is one of the ways that such cooperative management can be achieved. Existing federal-level policies require...

Demystifying NEPA to Speed the Review and Permitting of Energy Generation and Transmission and Other Projects and Programs

Our nation’s infrastructure is deteriorating, damaging our economic growth, security, and environmental quality. Unfortunately, many needed improvements are suffering unnecessary delays from multiple, sequential, and often poorly...

Is Water a Natural Resource in International Watercourses?

Resource managers, economists, and legal scholars consider water a natural resource. The fundamental tensions raised by the concept of international water management are legal, such as sharing water in international watercourses,...

Building Carbon Rights Infrastructure With REDD+ Incentives: A Multi-Scale Analysis in the Peruvian Amazon

Payments to avoid deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries have emerged as a key international strategy. Countries that have the greatest potential to host these market-based mechanisms are often characterized by...

Blowing Snow: The National Park Service's Disregard for Science, Law, and Public Opinion in Regulating Snowmobiling in Yellowstone National Park

[Off-road vehicles] are domineering, exclusive, destructive and costly; it is they and their operators who would deny the enjoyment of the backcountry to the rest of us. About 98% of the land surface of the contiguous USA already...

Carbon Capture and Storage Program’s NEPA Compliance

NEPA is a legal tool that can be used to slow or prevent the development and use of energy in the United States. It is also a tool that can be used to help a federal agency make wise decisions and help prevent actions that damage the...

Must the Public Pay Miners Not to Pollute? A Takings Analysis of a Proactive §404(c) Action in Bristol Bay, Alaska

A potential federal action under §404(c) of the Clean Water Act to prohibit or restrict the disposal of mine wastes from large-scale hardrock mines like the proposed Pebble Mine in waters of the Bristol Bay Watershed, which supports the...

Natural Resources and Peacebuilding: The Role of the Private Sector

Corporate participation in peacebuilding can be vital, but measures have to be taken to prevent companies from aggravating conflicts. This chapter illustrates how private investments can promote peacebuilding by contributing to economic...

Mitigating Risks and Realizing Opportunities: Environmental and Social Standards for Foreign Direct Investment in High-Value Natural Resources

In the wake of conflict, there is a risk that resource extraction will have destabilizing impacts by damaging the environment, preventing local people from accessing the
resources that they depend on, or fostering tension about the...