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Natural Resources (generally)

Natural Resources and Peacebuilding: The Role of the Private Sector

Corporate participation in peacebuilding can be vital, but measures have to be taken to prevent companies from aggravating conflicts. This chapter illustrates how private investments can promote peacebuilding by contributing to economic...

Mitigating Risks and Realizing Opportunities: Environmental and Social Standards for Foreign Direct Investment in High-Value Natural Resources

In the wake of conflict, there is a risk that resource extraction will have destabilizing impacts by damaging the environment, preventing local people from accessing the
resources that they depend on, or fostering tension about the...

Addressing the Roots of Liberia’s Conflict Through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) sets a global standard for transparency in the management of oil, gas, and mining revenues. In many resource-rich countries, especially those that are recovering from civil war,...

Commerce in the Chaos: Bananas, Charcoal, Fisheries, and Conflict in Somalia

This chapter examines how, over the course of nearly 20 years, the production and trade of three natural resources has contributed to the ongoing conflict in Somalia and could ultimately contribute to its resolution. While this use of...

Building or Spoiling Peace? Lessons From the Management of High-Value Natural Resources

The management of high-value natural resources in post-conflict situations depends, among other things, on the context, including the causes and trajectory of the conflict; the characteristics of the natural resources in question and...

Getting to “Yes”: A Proposal for a Statutory Approach to Compulsory Pooling in Pennsylvania

The natural gas reserves in the Marcellus Shale gas play offer profound economic potential as new technologies make its extraction economically viable. However, Pennsylvania’s current oil and gas conservation laws lack a comprehensive...

Nuts and Bolts of Marcellus Shale Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing

Abundant, inexpensive, and lower in emissions than traditional coal power sources, natural gas is expected to play an enormous role in our energy future. Although the drilling technique of hydraulic fracturing or "fracking" has made it...

Valuing the Future: Intergenerational Discounting, Its Problems, and a Modest Proposal

Competing theories exist for how intergenerational investment projects, such as investments related to global warming, natural resources, energy, etc., should be undertaken. In particular, there are two popular prescriptions: (1) In...