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Marine Mammal Protection Act

The Brief and Unexpected Preemption of Hawaii's Humpback Whale Laws: The Authority of the States to Protect Endangered Marine Mammals Under the ESA and the MMPA

Editors' Summary: Humpback whales are endangered marine mammals, protected by the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) and the ESA. Hawai'i's seasonal thrill craft ban in humpback habitat provides additional protection. In 2004, a...

The Collision of the Environment and Trade: The GATT Tuna/Dolphin Decision

Editors' Summary: On September 3, 1991, a three-member dispute resolution panel formed by the signatories to the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) held that a U.S. embargo on Mexican tuna and tuna products harvested in...