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The Development of Payments for Ecosystem Services in China: Cutting Through the Cloud of Confusion Over China’s. Eco-Compensation

Though Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) was initially designed as a voluntary market-oriented mechanism, PES development in China became a top-down, government driven process that is gradually evolving from centralized large-scale...

Overview of the Chinese Legal System

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) was founded in 1949 by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). For almost three decades after the PRC’s establishment, there was a perception that a formal legal system for many areas of national...

China’s Environmental Administrative Enforcement System

This Comment presents an overview of China’s environmental administrative enforcement primarily regarding pollution control. It introduces the institutional framework of China’s environmental enforcement at the national and...

Environmental Tort Litigation in China

The use of environmental tort claims to compensate pollution victims or to protect the environment and human health is still in an early stage of development in China. Nevertheless, tort cases play an outsized role in China’s...

Environmental Criminal Law in China: A Critical Analysis

Recent literature describing how criminal law should ideally be shaped to play its crucial role in environmental governance holds that a combination of provisions should be utilized in order to enforce not only violations of...

China and Climate Change: From Copenhagen to Cancun

There was a palpable sense of expectation around the world that the December 2009 Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Copenhagen, Denmark, would result in a binding...

India's Integrated Energy Policy: A Source of Economic Nirvana or Environmental Disaster?

Editors' Summary

India's rapidly growing economy naturally demands increasing energy needs from the industrial scale down to the personal. Mindful of potential negative impacts of economic development, India is making efforts to...

Annual Review of Chinese Environmental Law Developments: 2009

I. International Activities

During 2009, China's primary work on environmental law concerned international law on climate change before and during the United Nations (U.N.) Climate Change Conference 2009 in Copenhagen (Copenhagen...

China in Latin America: Law, Economics, and Sustainable Development

Editors' Summary

China's emergence as a global economic power and its growing engagement with Latin America have provoked both scholarly and popular debate. Some scholars contend that China is a rising imperial power scouring the...

Environmental Contamination at U.S. Military Bases in South Korea and the Responsibility to Clean Up

Editors' Summary

U.S. Forces Korea recently began returning military sites to South Korea and, so far, has returned around one-half of the sites designated to revert back to the country. South Korea desperately needs this land,...