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International

The Collision of the Environment and Trade: The GATT Tuna/Dolphin Decision

Editors' Summary: On September 3, 1991, a three-member dispute resolution panel formed by the signatories to the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) held that a U.S. embargo on Mexican tuna and tuna products harvested in...

Setting the Stage for the Earth Summit: Brazil 1992

Editors' Summary: From June 1 to June 12, 1992, the United Nations (U.N.) Conference on Environment and Development, commonly referred to as the Earth Summit, is scheduled to meet in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This conference has been...

Industrial Privatization and the Environment in Poland

Privatization — the transfer of state owned and managed enterprises into the hands of the private sector — is a central task for the emerging democracies of Central and Eastern Europe. This process, which requires the untangling of 45...

The European Community Environmental Legal System

Editors' Summary: Serious environmental problems, rising environmental activism, and growing European Community (EC) power have produced important and ambitious environmental initiatives from the EC, as well as increased attention...

Sustainable Consumption Governance in the Amazon

Tropical deforestation is a major source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, estimated to contribute as much as 25% of global emissions. In Brazil, which is reported to be the fourth-largest GHG emitter, deforestation causes about 75% of...

Inspection and Enforcement in Chinese Carbon Emissions Trading: Progress, Problems, and Prospect

China is establishing a carbon emissions trading scheme and has initiated a number of pilot projects with robust measurement, reporting, and verification systems and rigorous sanctions for noncompliance. Although the project designs...