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International

The Annihilation of Sea Turtles: World Trade Organization Intransigence and U.S. Equivocation

In the case of United States-Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products (US-Shrimp),1 the Appellate Body of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's (GATT's) World Trade...

European Community: Product-Related Regulation and Liability

Editors' Summary: This Article is the third and final installment of a survey of European Community (EC) environmental law. The first Article, which was published in the September 1998 edition of ELR's News & Analysis...

National Incentives to Protect Natural Resources: Preserving Their Place in International Trade

Editors' Summary: In environmental economics, the concept of negative externalities refers to the costs of adverse environmental effects that result from resource extracting and industrial activities and that are borne by the public...

European Community Environmental Law: Environmental Legislation

Editors' Summary: This Article is the second of three parts of a discussion of environmental law in the European Community. The first Article, which was published in the September 1998 edition of ELR's News & Analysis, ...

European Community Environmental Law: Institutions, Law Making, Enforcement, and Free Trade

Editors' Summary: In this Article, which will be published later this year as part of the Environmental Law Institute's European Community Deskbook, 2nd Edition, the authors familiarize the reader with the intricacies of the...

Can the Kyoto Protocol Support Biodiversity Conservation? Legal and Financial Challenges

Editors' Summary: The controversial Kyoto Protocol, negotiated in December 1997, is the first major step toward implementation of the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Protocol sets targets for the reduction of greenhouse...

The ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems Standard: A Modest Perspective

Since the final publication in late 1996 of the International Organization for Standardization's (ISO's) environmental management systems (EMSs) standard, ISO 14001, the cacophony of claims and counterclaims about the standard has grown...

U.S. Adherence to Its Agenda 21 Commitments: A Five-Year Review

In June 1992, delegates from nearly every nation in the world, including 107 heads of state or government, participated in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), or Earth Summit, in Rio de Janeiro. Their...

Developing a Culture of Compliance in the International Environmental Regime

Over the past 20 or so years, the world has developed a vast array of international environmental agreements. Approximately 900 international environmental agreements worldwide have been negotiated and set into place.1...

Lessons Learned in the Transfer of U.S.-Generated Environmental Compliance Tools: Compliance Schedules for Poland

Introduction

Environmental-protection techniques that have been developed in the United States may be useful to other countries. Specific tools such as compliance schedules can help countries bring actual environmental...