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International Environmental Law: A Global Assessment

This Article offers a global assessment of the record and promise of international environmental law to the beginning of the millennium. I first present several overall accounts of the contribution of international environmental law....

Like Minds? Two Perspectives on International Environmental Joint Efforts

The developed world has spent some $ 10 billion in assistance over the past 25 years to improve environmental policies and management in developing countries and countries in transition. The apparent assumption has been that it is...

Environmental Law Enforcement and the Restoration of Contaminated Sites in Japan

Like other developed countries, Japan faces a serious soil contamination problem. Much of Japan's legal history, however, has failed to address the serious issue of soil contamination because Japanese environmental law focuses on human...

Over the Line--Transboundary Application of CERCLA

This is not an academic issue. Within the last two years, EPA staff has suggested in two publications that the Agency has a strong interest in transboundary enforcement. A research report published in October 2002 by the Environmental...

E-Waste: The New Face of Transboundary Pollution

I. Introduction

The electronics industry is one of the world's largest and fastest growing manufacturing industries. However, the dynamism of electronic manufacturing that has transformed life in the second half of the 20th...

Treaties in Collision: The Biosafety Protocol and the World Trade Organization Agreements

On January 29, 2000, over 130 countries adopted the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Biosafety Protocol or Protocol).1 The Protocol establishes international procedures...

A Water Solution for the Middle East Conflict

Introduction

The key issue is no longer resource development and water quantity but resource allocation and water quality.1

The United Nations (U.N.) has recognized that "water stands today...

The Precautionary Principle in Canada: The First Decade

In June 2001, the majority of the Supreme Court of Canada cited the precautionary principle1 as a principle of international law and policy and concluded that municipal power to regulate pesticides is...

Taming the Dragon Heads: Controlling Air Emissions From Power Plants in China--An Analysis of China's Air Pollution Policy and Regulatory Framework

Coal combustion is the leading source of industrial air pollution in China today, contributing up to 87% of total sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions and 75% of carbon dioxide (CO2)...

NAFTA's Investment Protections and the Division of Authority for Land Use and Environmental Controls

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)1 contains various "investor protections," including a provision requiring signatory governments to compensate property owners if the government either...