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Harnessing Consumer Power: Using Certification Systems to Promote Good Governance

A vast array of consumer products, including diamonds, timber, coffee, and rugs, have been linked to environmental and social harm around the world. Diamonds, for example, have financed global terrorist operatives such as Al Qaeda, and...

The North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation and Transboundary Pollution

Transboundary pollution in North America has received international attention for over 90 years. Famous, or infamous, examples from the past include the sulfur dioxide emitted by a smelter near Trail, British Columbia in the 1920s; the...

Litigating Foreign Environmental Claims in U.S. Courts: The Impact of Flores v. Southern Peru Copper Corporation

I. Introduction

 

In its recent decision in Flores v. Southern Peru Copper Corp., the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit dismissed claims brought under the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) by a group of...

Ontario and U.S. Safe Drinking Water Acts in Comparison and Contrast: How Ontario Should Regulate for Public Confidence

In May 2000, in a town of 4,800 people in southern Ontario, 7 people died and more than 2,300 became seriously ill from drinking tap water contaminated with Escherichia coli (e-coli). The loss of life and the staggering degree of...

Reinterpreting Confucianism for Environmental Protection in China

I am not one who was born in the possession of knowledge; I am one who is fond of antiquity, and earnest in seeking it there.

—Confucius1

The relationship between a group of people and the...

Environmental Damage Resulting From Operation Enduring Freedom: Violations of International Law?

One of the many devastating, and often overlooked, effects of armed conflict is impact on the environment. An inevitable casualty of military conflict is destruction of land, water, air, and other natural resources. "Since time...

Where Do We Fit In? U.S. Information Disclosure and Hazardous Waste Remediation Laws as Compared With the Policy Suggestions of the U.N. Environment Program

In May 2002, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) issued its long-awaited, authoritative report, Global Environmental Outlook 3 (GEO-3).1 This 446-page document, which reflects the work of more...

Water Scarcity and Its Impact on Water Rights: A Real Concern for Multinational Companies?

Water is vital to most things in life. Business operations are no exception to this rule. Companies across all industrial sectors, from consumer products to energy production to agriculture to high technology, use large quantities of...

Environmental Labeling and Certification Schemes: A Modern Way to Green the World or GATT/WTO-Illegal Trade Barrier?

The debate between free traders and environmentalists has increasingly been drawing global attention throughout the last decade. It centers, generally speaking, around the question of how best to resolve the often conflicting goals of...

Walkerton: Its Impact on Groundwater Protection Law in Canada

In May 2000, the unthinkable happened; individuals living in Canada became ill, some fatally, from drinking tap water contaminated with a toxic strain of Escherichia coli (e-coli).1 Walkerton, a small...