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Institutional Controls

Looking a Gift Horse in the Mouth: Federal Agency Opposition to State Institutional Control Laws

Introduction

On July 1, 2001, Colorado Senate Bill 01-145 (SB 145) took effect. The statute creates an "environmental covenant" as a mechanism for enforcing use restrictions imposed in connection with the remediation of...

Land Use and Cleanups: Beyond the Rhetoric

There seems to be agreement across a wide spectrum of those involved in Superfund cleanups that such cleanups should take into consideration the kinds of activities that are expected to take place at the site after the remedial work is...

Use of Institutional Controls as Part of a Superfund Remedy: Lessons from Other Programs

Editors' Summary: Institutional controls are a mechanism for providing a certain degree of safety in the absence of technology that could clean contaminated sites thoroughly. Institutional controls come in a variety of forms, each...

Institutional Controls at Superfund Sites

Institutional controls (ICs) are restrictions on the use of land. In the context of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund),1 they are used to reduce the...