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Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act)

Minimum Size Restrictions Are a Problem for Fisheries, Is Litigation the Solution?

Fisheries are tightly regulated under the broad Magnuson-Stevens Act, yet fish stocks widely remain either stagnant or in decline. Current management tools are failing to ensure that fish populations maintain the reproductive capacity...

When Economics and Conservation Clash: Challenges to Economic Analyses in Fisheries Management

In recent years, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and Secretary of Commerce have accumulated hundreds of lawsuits challenging fisheries management rules made by the agency. Litigation is not new to these parties; controversy...

Essential Fish Habitat: A New Regulatory Hurdle for Development

Editors' Summary: By combining environmental assessment obligations parallel to those of NEPA with consultation requirements similar to those of the ESA, the essential fish habitat provisions set forth in the 1996 amendments to the...