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European Union and European Community

The Path Not Yet Taken: Bilateral Trade Agreements to Promote Sustainable Biofuels Under the EU Renewable Energy Directive

In order for biofuels to count as renewable energy for transport under the European Union Renewable Energy Directive, most applicants have relied on certification by the European Commission. But bilateral agreements can also be used to...

What’s in a Name?: Legal Implications of the EU Recommendation on Shale Gas

On January 22, 2014, the European Commission published its Recommendation on Shale Gas calling on the Member States of the European Union (EU) to apply a set of common principles for the performance of exploration and production of...

Germany's Efforts to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Cars: Anticipating a New Regulatory Framework and Its Significance for Environmental Policy

Editors' Summary: In this Article, Kerry E. Rodgers presents an overview of Germany's current efforts to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from cars, including discussions of the proposed European Union legislation to set binding CO...

What Lessons From Europe? A Comparative Analysis of the Legal Frameworks That Govern Europe's Transboundary Waters

Editors' Summary: Rivers, lakes, and aquifers cross national borders around the world creating international interdependencies related to one of the world's most precious resources. More than one-half of the world's population derives...

Like Minds? Two Perspectives on International Environmental Joint Efforts

The developed world has spent some $ 10 billion in assistance over the past 25 years to improve environmental policies and management in developing countries and countries in transition. The apparent assumption has been that it is...

International Environmental Impact Assessment: A Case Study in Implementation

This paper aims to facilitate discussion about specific reform proposals for Ukraine by illustrating the basic components of environmental impact assessment (EIA) with comparative analysis and recent developments from other countries'...

International Corporate Environmental Compliance and Auditing Programs

Editors' Summary: As environmental laws throughout the world impose stricter requirements on corporations, international organizations are increasingly emphasizing the importance of corporate environmental auditing programs. This...

Fitting the Environmental Piece Into the Maastricht Puzzle

Editors' Summary: Under the Maastricht Treaty, the nations that are members of the European Union (EU) together must develop common European environmental policies. Toward this end, the European Commission has proposed EU-wide...

The Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste: Implementation and Enforcement of Control Regimes in the European Community

Editors' Summary: The European Community (EC or the Community), in building its supranational political structure in preparation for full economic integration, increasingly regulates the conduct of individuals and corporations and...

The Inconsistent Implementation of the Environmental Laws of the European Community

Editors' Summary: The Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community (EEC Treaty) was intended to create a unified European market. The 1987 Single European Act, which amended the EEC Treaty, provided the legal framework to...