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Environmental Law and Policy/Governance

A New Environmentalism: The Need for a Total Strategy for Environmental Protection

On the first Earth Day in 1970, Sen. Edmund Muskie (D-Me.) called for “a total strategy to protect the total environment.” More than 50 years later, the parameters of a “total strategy” are at last coming into view. Environmental...

Financial Assurance Mandates: No Substitute for Agency Expertise and Oversight

Zachary Arnold’s article on financial assurance mandates (FAMs) highlights an important issue of growing urgency: the exposure of industrial facilities—-many with toxic products or by-products—to risks of flooding exacerbated by sea-...

The Future of FAMs

Zachary Arnold’s proposal of a policy framework to prevent coastal industrial disasters is quite timely, coming as it does after the 2017 hurricane season on the East Coast, followed by the equally devastating wildfire season in the...

Applying a FAMiliar Question of Climate Change Scope and Scale: Financial Assurance Mandates and Coastal Risk Management

Just as our coasts have been defined and shaped by their surrounding lands and waters, the future scale and scope of climate change impacts in any one location will—in part—be defined by geography and surrounding landscape. Zachary...

Financial Assurance Mandates: A Mechanism to Prevent Climate-Induced Industrial Disaster

The challenge of inducing risk reduction and adaptation practice is not a purely environmental one, but the vast impacts of acute and chronic environmental events and changes associated with climate change extend across socioeconomic...

Impact Transaction: Lawyering for the Public Good Through Collective Impact Agreements

“Collective impact” is a relatively new terminology emerging out of the philanthropic community for describing structured collaboration among parties who are focused on alleviating a particular social ill. Branded as “a way to better...

Impact Transactions From a Practitioner’s Perspective

Collective impact initiatives (CIIs) bring together actors with diverse experiences and perspectives to focus on an issue, with the potential to create new skill sets and solutions to long-standing problems. Professor Crowder posits...

The Prospect of Impact Transactions Through the Eyes of a “Backbone” Organization Practitioner

Patience Crowder's article on collective impact agreements summarizes some important considerations that need to take place as the impact transaction approach is further explored. In this piece, the author frames some of the points...

The Potential for Funder Networks to Effectuate Collective Impact

Patience Crowder has developed an important Article, which in its present form will significantly benefit the legal community and those organizations that have already embraced the concept of collective impact, perhaps experimented with...

Some Additional Important Attributes of a Successful Collective Impact Agreement

The concept of formalizing an initiative’s agreements in writing certainly improves its chances of success, but it also introduces challenges which Crowder does a credible job articulating. The comments that emerged from my review of...