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Environmental Justice

Leveraging Supplemental Environmental Projects: Toward an Integrated Strategy for Empowering Environmental Justice Communities

Environmental justice communities are especially disadvantaged when it comes to direct community intervention in matters critical to their well-being. Opportunities may exist, however, to institutionalize resources for those communities...

The State of Environmental Justice: An Obama Administration Retrospective

Environmental justice has officially been a federal priority since 1994, when Pres. Bill Clinton signed ...

Mining in Colombia and Environmental Justice: How the “Popular Consultation” Process Works in Practice

This Article examines how the Latin American procedure of “popular consultation” has been used as a mechanism for resisting the development of an open-pit gold mine in Colombia, and analyzes how Colombian communities are using the...

Environmental Justice: Legal Theory and Practice

This Article is adapted from Barry E. Hill, Environmental Justice: Legal Theory and Practice (3d ed. 2014), published by ELI Press. This textbook/handbook explores how environmental justice concerns are framed, addressed, and...

Of Constitutions and Cultures: The British Right to Roam and American Property Law

In 2000, England enacted the Countryside and Rights of Way Act, which provides the public the right to roam on certain private lands without compensation to the landowners. There are many constitutional and cultural-historical issues...

Environmental Law Goes Global: Taking Back Eden: Eight Environmental Cases That Changed the World, by Oliver A. Houck

The author reviews Oliver Houck’s inspirational book, Taking Back Eden: Eight Environmental Cases That Changed the World. In this book, Houck tells the stories of courageous citizens in eight countries who took legal...

The Evolving Path Toward Achieving Environmental Justice for Native America

Editors' Summary

A lack of fully functioning regulatory programs has long been the primary obstacle to achieving environmental justice in Native America. EPA recognized that challenge some two decades before the environmental...

Environmental Justice and the Constitution

In a recent essay, David Coursen asks an important and unexamined question: Are environmental justice policies, which seek to avoid disproportionate environmental burdens on minority and poor communities, on a "collision course...

Equal Protection, Strict Scrutiny, and Actions to Promote Environmental Justice

It once might have seemed that the federal policy of promoting environmental justice was on a collision course with limitations the Equal Protection Clause imposes on federal actions to benefit minorities. In February 1994, Executive...

Alternative Fuels: An Evaluation of Corn Ethanol, Cellulosic Ethanol, and Gasoline

Editor's Summary: Alternative fuels such as ethanol are taking center stage as the United States searches for environmentally friendly sources of energy that will reduce dependence on foreign oil. Both the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and...