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The Changing Nature of Conflict, Peacebuilding, and Environmental Cooperation

February 2019

Citation: ELR 10134

Author: Carl Bruch, David Jensen, Mikiyasu Nakayama, and Jon Unruh

With respect to conflict and post-conflict environmental peacebuilding, three key themes characterize the post-Cold War world: (1) a change in how wars are fought and financed; (2) the United Nations’ more frequent and wide-ranging intervention in conflicts, as well as its increasing emphasis on peacebuilding; and (3) a change in international environmental policy and international cooperation around the environment. This Article discusses each in turn, their interrelationship, and the recently emerging interdisciplinary field of environmental peacebuilding. It concludes with recommendations for scholars and practitioners to continue to build this field.

Carl Bruch is a Senior Attorney and Director of International Programs at the Environmental Law Institute. David Jensen is Head of Policy within the Crisis Management Branch of U.N. Environment, and Co-Director of the MapX platform for environmental monitoring. Mikiyasu Nakayama is a Professor of Environmental Studies at the University of Tokyo. Jon Unruh is an Associate Professor of Human Geography and International Development at McGill University.

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