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Achieving Fisheries Sustainability in the United States

November 2006

Citation: 36 ELR 10833

Issue: 11

Author: Richard Hildreth

Editors' Summary: The 1996 Sustainable Fisheries Act is arguably the most significant federal environmental legislation enacted in the last two decades. The Act applies sustainability principles and approaches such as biodiversity protection, externality internalization, and precaution to advance fisheries sustainability within the U.S. EEZ. In this Article, Prof. Richard Hildreth details the U.S. attempt at moving toward more sustainable fisheries management. He outlines the global legal framework governing ocean resources, and then focuses on the multilateral and bilateral fisheries agreements to which the United States is a party. Finally, he describes how the SFA incorporates the sustainability principles embodied in these international agreements.

Prof. Richard Hildreth is Director of the University of Oregon Ocean and Coastal Law Center. The assistance of Ocean and Coastal Law Center staff members Andrea Coffman and Jill Forcier and the support of the Love, Moore, Banks, and Grebe Endowment Fund are gratefully acknowledged. This Article is based on an invited paper presented June 28, 2006, at the Fulbright Symposium on Maritime Governance held in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. Professor Hildreth may be reached at rghildre@law.uoregon.edu.

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